Journal Article

Stable overexpression of PML alters regulation of cell cycle progression in HeLa cells.

Z M Mu, X F Le, S Vallian, A B Glassman and K S Chang

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 11, pages 2063-2069
Published in print November 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.11.2063
Stable overexpression of PML alters regulation of cell cycle progression in HeLa cells.

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Our previous studies demonstrated that PML is a growth suppressor that suppresses oncogenic transformation of NIH/3T3 cells and rat embryo fibroblasts. PML is a nuclear matrix-associated phosphoprotein whose expression is regulated during the cell cycle. Disruption of PML function by t(15;17) in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) plays a critical role in leukemogenesis. To further study the role of PML in the control of cell growth, we have stably overexpressed PML protein in the HeLa cell line. This overexpression of PML significantly reduced the growth rate of HeLa cells and suppressed anchorage-independent growth in soft agar. We consequently investigated several parameters correlated with cell growth and cell cycle progression. We found that, in comparison with the parental HeLa cells, HeLa/PML stable clones showed proportionally more cells in G1 phase, fewer cells in S phase and about the same number in G2/M phase. The HeLa/PML clones showed a significantly longer doubling time as a result of a lengthening of the G1 phase. No effect on apoptosis was found in HeLa cells overexpressing PML. This observation indicates that PML suppresses cell growth by increasing cell cycle duration as a result of G1 elongation. To further understand the mechanism of the effect of PML on HeLa cells, expression of cell cycle-related proteins in HeLa/PML and parental HeLa cells was analyzed. We found that Rb phosphorylation was significantly reduced in PML stable clones. Expression of cyclin E, Cdk2 and p27 proteins was also significantly reduced. These studies indicate that PML affects cell cycle progression by mediating expression of several key proteins that normally control cell cycle progression. These results further extend our current understanding of PML function in human cells and its important role in cell cycle regulation.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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