Journal Article

Cyclic food restriction, insulin and mammary cell proliferation in the rat.

A R Tagliaferro, A M Ronan, L D Meeker, H J Thompson and A L Scott

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 11, pages 2271-2276
Published in print November 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.11.2271
Cyclic food restriction, insulin and mammary cell proliferation in the rat.

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

We reported recently that weight cycling significantly increased the incidence of mammary cancer in virgin female rats that were pretreated with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea. The present study investigated the effect of weight cycling on mammary epithelial cell proliferation and its relationship to changes in plasma insulin, estrogen, progesterone and urinary corticosterone in 30 female virgin Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were fed a modified AIN-76A diet containing 24.6% corn oil by weight. Weight-cycled (WC) rats were food restricted daily by either 33% or 50% of non-restricted controls for 1 week followed by 3 weeks compensatory refeeding and weight recovery over 18 weeks or 4.5 weight cycles. WC rats consumed 6-10% less food than controls (P = 0.01) but showed a 71-89% greater efficiency of food utilization for growth (P < 0.0001) than controls. There were no differences in total weight gain during treatment. Mammary lobuloalveolar and ductal cell proliferation of WC rats, measured by 5-bromo-2'deoxyuridine labelling, increased in a dose-response fashion, P = 0.03, P = 0.06 respectively in comparison to controls. Energy and substrate utilization measured by indirect calorimetry indicated WC animals expended less energy (P = 0.005) and utilized less glucose (P = 0.0001) and protein (P = 0.006) during restriction, and less lipid during recovery (P = 0.05) than controls. There were no significant differences in hormone levels between groups. Multiple regression analysis with plasma insulin, estrogen, progesterone and urinary corticosterone as independent variables (r = 0.947, r2 = 0.897, P = 0.003) showed that plasma insulin was the only significant predictor (P < 0.01) of mammary cell proliferation. In accord with this observation, tyrosine-phosphorylated activation of insulin receptor substrate-1, detected by immunoprecipitation and Western immunoblot analysis in mammary tumors of WC rats from our previous study, was 3-5 times greater than in non-restricted controls (P < 0.01). Present findings suggest that weight cycling in rats increases risk of breast cancer development via insulin stimulated mammary cell proliferation.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.