Journal Article

Alteration in methyl-methanesulfonate-induced poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation by 2-butoxyethanol in Syrian hamster embryo cells.

J C Hoflack, M J Durand, G G Poirier, A Maul and P Vasseur

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 12, pages 2333-2338
Published in print December 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.12.2333
Alteration in methyl-methanesulfonate-induced poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation by 2-butoxyethanol in Syrian hamster embryo cells.

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

The effects of 2-butoxyethanol (2-BE) on poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation were studied in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells by measuring the cellular concentrations of the polymer poly(ADP-ribose) (pADPr) and of NAD+, the substrate of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). As biotransformation pathways of ethylene glycol ethers involve NAD+-dehydrogenases, it was hypothesized that 2-BE could reduce poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation by consuming NAD+. As a result DNA repair could be altered, which would explain that 2-BE had been shown to potentiate the effects of clastogenic substances such as methyl-methanesulfonate (MMS). In this study, the effects of 2-BE on MMS-induced pADPr metabolism were analyzed. The results indicated that: (i) 2-BE (5 mM) by itself did not influence significantly pADPr or NAD+ levels. (ii) 2-BE inhibited pADPr synthesis in MMS (0.2 mM)-pretreated cells, without any change in NAD+ concentrations. (iii) MMS treatment, which rapidly increased pADPr levels, also affected the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation system as a secondary effect by damaging cell structures. Membrane permeabilization, which occurred at concentrations >1 mM MMS, led to a dramatic leakage of cellular NAD+ resulting in a strong reduction in pADPr levels. (iv) A bleomycin pulse (100 microM) applied after MMS and/or 2-BE treatment confirmed that 2-BE reduced poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation capacities of MMS-treated cells, though the glycol ether had no effect alone. This study confirmed that the inhibition of pADPr synthesis could be responsible for the synergistic effects of 2-BE with genotoxic substances. The mechanism of this inhibition cannot be explained by a lack of NAD+ at the concentrations of 2-BE tested.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.