Journal Article

Comparative analysis of 8-oxo-2' -deoxyguanosine in DNA by 32P- and 33P-postlabeling and electrochemical detection.

D Schuler, M Otteneder, P Sagelsdorff, E Eder, R C Gupta and W K Lutz

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 12, pages 2367-2371
Published in print December 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.12.2367
Comparative analysis of 8-oxo-2' -deoxyguanosine in DNA by 32P- and 33P-postlabeling and electrochemical detection.

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8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) is emerging as a useful marker for oxidative DNA damage. Reported basal levels determined by 32P-postlabeling (PPL) method were 10-fold or more higher than those obtained with HPLC/electrochemical detection (ECD). This discrepancy was investigated. In commercial calf thymus DNA, levels of 4 +/- 1 and 64 +/- 14 8-oxo-dG per 10(6) 2'-deoxynucleosides (dN) were measured by the standard HPLC/ECD and PPL methods, respectively. DNA digestion by micrococcal nuclease/spleen phosphodiesterase and nuclease P1 (as used in the standard PPL method), followed by ECD analysis resulted in a level of 8 +/- 3. In calf thymus DNA spiked with chemically synthesized 8-oxo-dGp to give an increment of 9 8-oxo-dG/10(6) dN, the added standard produced a significant increase with HPLC/ECD but not PPL. After spiking the DNA with 90 8-oxo-dG/10(6) dN, the added 8-oxo-dGp was detectable also with PPL, with a labeling efficiency of 65%. In order to investigate the role of ionizing radiation from 32P for the higher 8-oxo-dG levels in PPL, incubation times and amounts of radioactivity in the phosphorylation reaction with commercial dGp were increased, and external irradiation of commercial dG with 32P was investigated. All modifications resulted in higher values of 8-oxo-dG measured, but the effect was not large enough to fully explain the discrepancy between PPL and HPLC/ECD. Using [gamma-33P]ATP instead of [gamma-32P]ATP or adding [33P]phosphate to a 32P-PPL assay resulted in even higher levels of 8-oxo-dG measured. The increase in 8-oxo-dG levels during the PPL workup is attributed to the presence and oxidation of unmodified dGp in the reaction mixture. For a determination of true basal levels, the PPL method will have to be modified, including the removal of dGp prior to the phosphorylation reaction.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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