Journal Article

32P-postlabelling analysis of isomeric 7-alkylguanine adducts of styrene oxide.

R Kumar, P Vodicka, K Peltonen and K Hemminki

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 2, pages 407-414
Published in print February 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.2.407
32P-postlabelling analysis of isomeric 7-alkylguanine adducts of styrene oxide.

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Styrene 7,8-oxide, which reacts preferentially at the N-7 position of guanine, yielded two pairs of diastereomers 7-(1'-hydroxy-2'-phenylethyl)-dGMP (the alpha-isomer) and 7-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)-dGMP (the beta-isomer) on reaction with deoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate (3'-dGMP). The alpha- and beta-isomers were formed in the ratio 32:68. T4 polynucleotide kinase preferentially mediated labelling of diastereomers corresponding to the beta-isomer. The beta-diastereomers showed a labelling efficiency of 52%, whereas the alpha-isomers showed a labelling efficiency of 4%. Molecular modelling experiments showed intrinsic differences between the two isomers. The torsion angles of C8-N7-2'-Ar and C8-N7-2'-1' for the alpha-isomers were 149.9 degrees and -26.4 degrees, whereas the torsion angles of C-8-N7-1'-2' and N7-1'-2'-Ar for the beta-isomers were 105.3 degrees and 179.4 degrees. The consequent interatomic distance between one of the hydrogens on the alpha-carbon and the 3'-phosphate group on the sugar residue was 5.3 A in the alpha-isomer whereas the closest distance between the hydrogens attached to the alpha-carbon and 3'-phosphate group in the beta-isomer was 6.2 A. This arrangement probably leads to steric overcrowding at the 3'-phosphate group in alpha-isomers and these are less efficiently phosphorylated than beta-isomers. In in vitro styrene oxide-modified salmon testis DNA alpha- and beta-isomers of 7-alkylguanines were formed in the ratio 37:63. The recovery of two diastereomeric beta-isomers in a 32P-postlabelling assay was 14%, but one of the diastereomers was obtained in 3-fold greater yield than the second isomer.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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