Journal Article

Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases by green tea polyphenols: potential signaling pathways in the regulation of antioxidant-responsive element-mediated phase II enzyme gene expression.

R Yu, J J Jiao, J L Duh, K Gudehithlu, T H Tan and A N Kong

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 2, pages 451-456
Published in print February 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.2.451
Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases by green tea polyphenols: potential signaling pathways in the regulation of antioxidant-responsive element-mediated phase II enzyme gene expression.

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Green tea polyphenols, major constituents of green tea, are potent chemopreventive agents in a number of experimental models of cancer in animals. The mechanisms of cancer protection by these agents are not clear, but may involve modulation of the enzyme systems responsible for the detoxification of chemical carcinogens. The present studies show that a green tea polyphenol extract (GTP) induces chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) activity in human heptoma HepG2 cells transfected with a plasmid construct which contains an antioxidant-responsive element (ARE) and a minimal glutathione S-transferase Ya promoter linked to the CAT reporter gene. This indicates that GTP stimulates the transcription of Phase II detoxifying enzymes through the ARE. To explore the upstream signaling pathways leading to gene expression, we studied the involvement of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1). Potent activation of ERK2 was seen following treatment of HepG2 cells with different concentrations of GTP. Similar to ERK2, JNK1 was also strongly activated by treatment with GTP, although to a lesser extent and in a different dose-dependent fashion. Kinetic studies revealed that GTP activation of JNK1 was delayed and sustained, whereas ERK2 activation was rapid and transient. Furthermore, GTP treatment also increased mRNA levels of the immediate-early genes c-jun and c-fos, as determined by reverse transcriptase-coupled polymerase chain reaction. Taken together, these studies provide insights into the action of GTP and suggest that the stimulation MAPKs may be the potential signaling pathways utilized by GTP to activate ARE-dependent genes.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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