Journal Article

Detection of DNA adducts of acetaldehyde in peripheral white blood cells of alcohol abusers.

J L Fang and C E Vaca

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 4, pages 627-632
Published in print April 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.4.627
Detection of DNA adducts of acetaldehyde in peripheral white blood cells of alcohol abusers.

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The effect of alcohol drinking on the formation of DNA adducts of acetaldehyde, the primary oxidative metabolite of ethanol, was investigated in humans. DNA was isolated from granulocytes and lymphocytes from 24 alcoholic patients and 12 control subjects. DNA adduct levels were measured by 32P-postlabelling using reversed-phase HPLC with on-line detection of radioactivity. A large interindividual variation in adduct levels was observed. The average adduct levels in granulocyte and lymphocyte DNA from alcoholic patients were 3.4 +/- 3.8 and 2.1 +/- 0.8 adducts/10(7) nucleotides (n = 24), respectively. These levels were 13- and 7-fold higher than the corresponding levels in control subjects (P<0.001). The average adduct level in granulocyte DNA from alcoholic patients was 60% higher than in lymphocyte DNA (P<0.01). Our results, in conjunction with the genotoxicity of acetaldehyde, thus suggest the formation of DNA adducts of acetaldehyde as a plausible mechanism explaining the involvement of alcohol drinking in carcinogenesis.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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