Journal Article

Short-term carcinogenicity testing of a potent murine intestinal mutagen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine (PhIP), in Apc1638N transgenic mice.

I K Sørensen, E Kristiansen, A Mortensen, H van Kranen, C van Kreijl, R Fodde and S S Thorgeirsson

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 4, pages 777-781
Published in print April 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.4.777
Short-term carcinogenicity testing of a potent murine intestinal mutagen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine (PhIP), in Apc1638N transgenic mice.

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Transgenic Apc1638N mice, heterozygous for a targeted frameshift mutation at codon 1638 of the endogenous adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene, are predisposed to develop multiple adenomas and adenocarcinomas along the intestinal tract and to a number of extra-intestinal lesions including, among others, mammary tumors. We have studied these mice in a short-term carcinogenicity test with 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine (PhIP), a potent murine small intestinal mutagen and lymphomagen. Upon dietary administration of 0.03% PhIP in a short-term (6 months) study, a significantly increased number of small intestinal tumors as well as an increased number of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were observed in male Apc+/Apc1638N mice compared with untreated transgenic mice. No differences in intestinal and mammary tumor multiplicity were observed between treated and control Apc+/Apc1638N females.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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