Journal Article

Loss of tumor-promoting activity of unleaded gasoline in N-nitrosodiethylamine-initiated ovariectomized B6C3F1 mouse liver.

G J Moser, D C Wolf, B A Wong and T L Goldsworthy

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 5, pages 1075-1083
Published in print May 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.5.1075
Loss of tumor-promoting activity of unleaded gasoline in N-nitrosodiethylamine-initiated ovariectomized B6C3F1 mouse liver.

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Unleaded gasoline (UG) vapor (2056 ppm) increased the incidence of liver tumors in a chronic bioassay and exhibited tumor-promoting activity in N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN)-initiated female mouse liver. Estrogen inhibited mouse liver tumor development and the hepatocarcinogenic and tumor-promoting dose of UG produced uterine changes suggestive of estrogen antagonism. To directly test the hypothesis that UG-induced tumor-promoting ability is secondary to its interaction with the mouse liver tumor inhibitor, estrogen, we compared the tumor-promoting ability of UG in ovariectomized (Ovex) mice with the hepatic tumor-promoting ability of UG in intact mice. Ovaries were surgically removed at 4 weeks of age. Exposure to wholly vaporized UG (2018 ppm) under bioassay and tumor-promoting conditions began at 8 weeks of age. After 4 months of exposure, UG increased relative liver weight and hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 pentoxyresourfin-O-dealkylase and ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity to a similar extent in intact and Ovex mice. Non-focal hepatocyte proliferation, as measured by the incorporation of bromo-deoxyuridine, was not changed by UG exposure and was similar in all treatment groups. After 4 months of exposure to DEN-initiated mice, UG significantly increased the volume fraction of liver occupied by foci (three-fold) as compared to control intact mice. As expected, volume of foci was elevated in DEN/Ovex/control mice as compared to DEN/intact/control mice. In DEN/Ovex mice UG did not significantly increase the focal volume fraction. Thus, the tumor promoting activity of UG, as demonstrated by increased volume fraction of liver occupied by hepatic foci in intact mice, is greatly attenuated in Ovex mice. The volume fraction data in Ovex mice support the hypothesis that the tumor promoting activity of UG is dependent upon the interaction of UG with ovarian hormones. These data also indicate that hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 PROD and EROD induction, hepatomegaly and non-focal hepatic LI are not specific markers of hepatic tumor promoting activity of UG.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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