Journal Article

Mammalian DNA repair methyltransferases shield O4MeT from nucleotide excision repair.

L Samson, S Han, J C Marquis and L J Rasmussen

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 5, pages 919-924
Published in print May 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.5.919
Mammalian DNA repair methyltransferases shield O4MeT from nucleotide excision repair.

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O6-Methylguanine (O6MeG) and O4-methylthymine (O4MeT) are potentially mutagenic DNA lesions that cause G:C-->A:T and A:T-->G:C transition mutations by mispairing during DNA replication, and the repair of O6MeG and O4MeT by DNA repair methyltransferases (MTases) is therefore expected to prevent methylation-induced transitions. The efficiency of O6MeG and O4MeT repair by different MTases can vary by several hundred-fold and the aim of this study was to establish the biological consequences of such differences in the efficiency of repair. The ability of three microbial and two mammalian MTases to prevent methylation-induced G:C-->A:T and A:T-->G:C transitions is taken as a measure of their ability to repair O6MeG and O4MeT in vivo respectively. All five MTases give complete protection against G:C-->A:T transitions. However, while the microbial MTases give complete protection against A:T-->G:C transitions, the mammalian MTases actually sensitize cells to A:T-->G:C transitions. We hypothesize that the mammalian MTases bind O4MeT lesions in vivo but that, because they are extremely slow at subsequent methyl transfer, binding shields O4MeT from repair by the nucleotide excision repair pathway. Results are presented to support this hypothesis.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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