Journal Article

Associations between cytochrome P4502E1 genotype, mutagen sensitivity, cigarette smoking and susceptibility to lung cancer.

X Wu, H Shi, H Jiang, B Kemp, W K Hong, G L Delclos and M R Spitz

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 5, pages 967-973
Published in print May 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.5.967
Associations between cytochrome P4502E1 genotype, mutagen sensitivity, cigarette smoking and susceptibility to lung cancer.

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Cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) is involved in the metabolic activation of carcinogenic N-nitrosoamines. We therefore assessed the genotype frequencies of PstI or RsaI CYP2E1 restriction fragment length polymorphisms and another susceptibility marker, mutagen sensitivity, in 137 lung cancer cases (92 African American and 45 Mexican American) and 206 controls (114 African American and 92 Mexican American) identified in a molecular epidemiological study of lung cancer. The CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotype was found in 86.7% of Mexican American cases, 70.6% of Mexican American controls, 89.1% of African American cases and 86.8% of African American controls. By multivariate analysis, this genotype was found to be associated with a 14.0-fold increased risk of lung cancer in Mexican Americans but not in African Americans; a 9.9-fold increased risk of lung cancer in Mexican American former smokers, but not in non-smokers or current smokers; a 15-fold increased risk of lung cancer in Mexican American males, but not in females. Patients with the susceptible genotype appeared to have developed cancer at an earlier age and with lower cigarette pack-year of exposure than did patients with the c1/c2 or c2/c2 genotypes. Stratified analysis suggested a greater than multiplicative interaction between cigarette smoking and CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotype, although not statistically significant. The odds ratios (ORs) for the CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotype, cigarette smoking and both risk factors combined were 1.3, 6.7 and 16.3, respectively. The association between CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotype and pack-years of smoking followed the same pattern. The interaction between mutagen sensitivity and CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotype was especially strong in former smokers (the ORs for the CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotype, mutagen sensitivity and both risk factors combined were 3.9, 5.4 and 23.0, respectively). Therefore, the data suggest that individuals who lack a c2 allele might be at higher risk for developing lung cancer.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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