Journal Article

Spectra of spontaneous mutations at the hprt locus in colorectal carcinoma cell lines defective in mismatch repair.

S Ohzeki, A Tachibana, K Tatsumi and T Kato

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 6, pages 1127-1133
Published in print June 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.6.1127
Spectra of spontaneous mutations at the hprt locus in colorectal carcinoma cell lines defective in mismatch repair.

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Spectra of spontaneous mutations at the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (hprt) locus in colon carcinoma cell lines HCT116 and HCT-15 deficient in mismatch repair and displaying mutator phenotypes were determined. HCT116 and HCT-15 cells, respectively, harbour a mutation in the mismatch repair gene hMLH1 and GTBP. The mutation frequency at the hprt locus in both cell lines was elevated by about two orders, but the microsatellite instability in HCT116 cells was one order higher than in HCT-15 cells. Except for one mutant of HCT-15, all the mutations (114/115) were point mutations; base substitutions of various types and frameshifts (deletions/insertions of less than a few bases, predominantly of +/-1 bp). Base substitutions (57%) and frameshifts (43%) occurred at a comparable rate in HCT116, whereas base substitutions (92%) were the major mutational events in HCT-15. Most frameshifts in HCT116 occurred at sites of monotonous or short tandem repeating sequences, and two of these sites, where there was a run of six Gs and four As, were hot spots. Three hot spot sites of base substitutions were found in HCT-15; two of them at splice acceptor sites, the other at the CpG site shared with HCT116. The distinct mutation spectra of the HCT116 and HCT-15 cell lines may reflect functional differences in the hMLH1 and GTBP gene products in mismatch repair. The gene product GTBP may be involved in the preferential repair of base mismatches, and MLH1 in the repair of both base mismatches and deletions/insertions of less than a few bases. These results suggest that mismatch repair deficiency affects the microsatellite stability as widely reported in colorectal tumour cells, but that it may not severely affect chromosome integrity as the karyotypes of these tumour cells are, unlike other tumour cells, relatively stable.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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