Journal Article

Effect of naturally occurring coumarins on the formation of epidermal DNA adducts and skin tumors induced by benzo[a]pyrene and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in SENCAR mice.

Y Cai, H Kleiner, D Johnston, A Dubowski, S Bostic, W Ivie and J DiGiovanni

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 8, pages 1521-1527
Published in print August 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.8.1521
Effect of naturally occurring coumarins on the formation of epidermal DNA adducts and skin tumors induced by benzo[a]pyrene and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in SENCAR mice.

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Several naturally occurring coumarins previously found to be potent inhibitors of mouse hepatic ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and/or pentoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase (PROD) were examined for their effects on formation of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) DNA adducts in mouse epidermis, as well as, their effects on skin tumor initiation by these polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Bergamottin, a potent inhibitor of hepatic EROD, given topically 5 min prior to an initiating dose of B[a]P, significantly decreased total covalent binding of B[a]P to DNA in a dose-dependent manner 24 h after treatment. A dose of 400 nmol bergamottin reduced covalent binding of B[a]P by 72%. Coriandrin, at a dose of 400 nmol also significantly reduced total covalent binding of B[a]P by 59%. In addition, formation of the major (+)anti-B[a]P-diol epoxide-N2-dGuo adduct was selectively reduced by both of these coumarins. In contrast, bergamottin and coriandrin did not significantly decrease covalent binding of DMBA to epidermal DNA at doses of either 400 nmol or 800 nmol. Imperatorin and isopimpinellin, which are more potent inhibitors of hepatic PROD activity, significantly reduced overall binding of DMBA to epidermal DNA by 67% and 52%, respectively, when applied at doses of 400 nmol. These two coumarins also inhibited B[a]P-DNA adduct formation at similar doses but to a lesser extent. Imperatorin at a dose of 400 nmol dramatically decreased formation of covalent DNA adducts derived from both the anti and syn diol epoxides of DMBA. Bergamottin was a potent inhibitor of tumor initiation by B[a]P while coriandrin was less effective in this regard. Imperatorin was an effective inhibitor of skin tumor initiation by DMBA and also inhibited complete carcinogenesis by this PAH. At dose levels higher than those effective against DMBA, imperatorin also inhibited tumor initiation by B[a]P. The results demonstrate that several naturally occurring coumarins possess the ability to block DNA adduct formation and tumor initiation by PAHs such as B[a]P and DMBA. The mechanism for reduced DNA adduct formation and tumor initiation appears to involve inhibition of the P450s involved in the metabolic activation of these hydrocarbons. Finally, the differential effects of certain coumarins on B[a]P vs DMBA DNA adduct formation and tumor initiation may be useful for dissecting the role of specific cytochromes P450 in their metabolic activation.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.