Journal Article

Focal nuclear hepatocyte response to oxidative damage following low dose thioacetamide intoxication.

G A Clawson, C M Benedict, M R Kelley and J Weisz

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 18, issue 8, pages 1663-1668
Published in print August 1997 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/18.8.1663
Focal nuclear hepatocyte response to oxidative damage following low dose thioacetamide intoxication.

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Rats were treated with low doses of the hepatocarcinogen thioacetamide. Forty-eight hours following this treatment, microscopic foci of hepatic injury were observed, which were surrounded by a peripheral rim of histologically normal hepatocytes. These peripheral hepatocytes generally contained enlarged nuclei, and showed nuclear staining for 4-hydroxynonenal-protein adducts, indicative of nuclear oxidative damage. In these same hepatocytes, we also observed specific focal nuclear induction of mu-class glutathione-S-transferase and alcohol dehydrogenase I, two enzymes which are important in metabolism of 4-hydroxynonenal. Of particular interest was the concurrent nuclear induction of APE/ref-1, a multifunctional DNA repair enzyme which can function as a redox factor, and of the transcription factor Jun, whose DNA binding is facilitated by APE/ref-1. These results document an orchestrated focal nuclear response to oxidative damage produced by thioacetamide administration, and may relate to the permanent effects produced by this treatment.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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