In this study we investigated the mouse mad-related genes, Smad4/Dpc4 and Smad2 (homolog of JV18-1), as candidates for involvement in lung tumor resistance and suppression. These genes are located in a region of mouse chromosome 18 that is syntenic with human 18q21.1, where several genes that are mutated in various cancers have been mapped. A newly identified murine lung tumor resistance locus, Par2 has also been mapped to this region of chromosome 18. We found no mutations in the coding regions of either gene in 11 lung tumors from B6CF1 (C57BL/6 x BALB/c) mice by RT-PCR and SSCP/RFLP, suggesting that these genes are not mutated in lung carcinogenesis in this strain. Moreover, loss of heterozygosity in this region of chromosome 18 was not detected in 28 lung adenocarcinomas from B6CF1 mice, 17 lung adenocarcinomas from B6C3F1 mice or 18 lung adenocarcinomas from AB6F1 mice. These data provide evidence that a 'classical' tumor suppressor gene for mouse lung carcinogenesis in these strains does not reside in this region. In order to investigate Smad4/Dpc4 and Smad2 as candidates for the Par2 resistance locus mapped to this region, we also sequenced the coding regions of both genes in cDNA from normal lungs of A/J, BALB/c and C57BL/6 inbred strains of mice. No polymorphisms were detected in the coding region of Smad4. In Smad2, two sequence polymorphisms were identified that are not in the conserved regions of the gene. Northern blot analysis revealed no differential expression in normal lung tissue among the three strains for either gene. Thus, in this study we found no evidence that either Smad4 or Smad2 represents the Par2 lung tumor resistance locus or is a lung tumor suppressor gene in the B6CF1 mice.
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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics
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