Journal Article

A comparison of the tumors induced by coal tar and benzo[a]pyrene in a 2-year bioassay.

S J Culp, D W Gaylor, W G Sheldon, L S Goldstein and F A Beland

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 1, pages 117-124
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
A comparison of the tumors induced by coal tar and benzo[a]pyrene in a 2-year bioassay.

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The tumorigenicity of two coal tar mixtures was compared to that of benzo[a]pyrene after 2 years of feeding. Mixture 1, a composite of coal tar from seven coal gasification plant waste sites, was fed to female B6C3F1 mice (48 mice per group) for 2 years at doses of 0.0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.1, 0.3, 0.6 and 1.0%. Mixture 2, which was composed of coal tar from two of the seven waste sites and another site having a high benzo[a]pyrene content, was fed at doses of 0.0, 0.03, 0.1 and 0.3%. Additional groups of mice were fed 0, 5, 25 and 100 ppm benzo[a]pyrene. The coal tar diets induced a dose-related increase in hepatocellular adenomas and carcinomas, alveolar/bronchiolar adenomas and carcinomas, forestomach squamous epithelial papillomas and carcinomas, small intestine adenocarcinomas, histiocytic sarcomas, hemangiosarcomas in multiple organs and sarcomas. Benzo[a]pyrene treatment resulted in an increased incidence of papillomas and/or carcinomas of the forestomach, esophagus and tongue. A comparison of the results indicated that the benzo[a]pyrene in the coal tar diets could be responsible for the forestomach tumors. In contrast, the lung and liver tumors appeared to be due to other genotoxic components contained within the coal tar mixture, while the small intestine tumors resulted from chemically-induced cell proliferation that occurred at high doses of coal tar.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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