Journal Article

Patterns of chloroform-induced regenerative cell proliferation in BDF1 mice correlate with organ specificity and dose-response of tumor formation.

M V Templin, A A Constan, D C Wolf, B A Wong and B E Butterworth

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 1, pages 187-193
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.1.187
Patterns of chloroform-induced regenerative cell proliferation in BDF1 mice correlate with organ specificity and dose-response of tumor formation.

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

It has been reported that chloroform administered to BDF1 mice by inhalation for 2 years at concentrations of 5, 30 or 90 p.p.m. for 6 h/day, 5 days/week induced an increase in renal cell tumors in male but not female mice exposed to the doses of 30 and 90 p.p.m. A small increase in liver tumors was statistically significant in the female mice at 90 p.p.m. if the incidences of carcinomas and adenomas were combined. Because chloroform is not a DNA reactive mutagen, a 13-week time-course and dose-response study was conducted under conditions of the original bioassay to examine whether regenerative cell proliferation was an underlying mechanism of carcinogenesis. Mice were given bromodeoxyuridine via infusion during the last 3.5 days prior to necropsy to label cells in S-phase. Chloroform induced pathology and regenerative cell proliferation, measured as the labeling index (LI, percentage of cells in S-phase), were assessed microscopically and immunohistochemically. Male mice exposed to 30 and 90 p.p.m. exhibited a dose-dependent increase in regenerating tubules within the renal cortex and up to a 31-fold increase in LI. No renal lesions or increased LI were observed in females. Increased centrilobular to midzonal hepatocyte degeneration and vacuolation and a 7-fold increase over controls in the hepatocyte LI were observed in the female mice at 90 p.p.m. at 13 weeks. Males exhibited similar pathology, but the increase in LI was not sustained. The observed correlations between cytolethality and regenerative cell proliferation with tumor formation supports extensive evidence that chloroform induces cancer via a non-genotoxic-cytotoxic mode of action. A concentration of 5 p.p.m. is the no-observed-adverse-effect level for nephrotoxicity, cell proliferation and cancer. An appropriate safety factor applied to this value is a straightforward approach to cancer risk assessment that is consistent with the mode of action of chloroform.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.