Journal Article

Deletion in poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase pseudogene and lung cancer risk.

X Wu, T C Hsu, S Cao, J J Lee, C I Amos and M R Spitz

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 1, pages 93-98
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.1.93
Deletion in poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase pseudogene and lung cancer risk.

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The poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PADPRP) gene has been implicated in carcinogenesis through its role in DNA repair, replication and recombination. A two-allele polymorphism in the chromosome 13 PADPRP pseudogene has been studied in several racial groups. It has been suggested that the B allele, which results from a 193-bp deletion in the gene, predisposes to myeloma in Blacks. We assessed the association between chromosome 13 PADPRP pseudogene genotype, mutagen sensitivity (a marker reflecting host DNA repair capability), cigarette smoking, and lung cancer risk in a minority lung cancer case-control study. The chromosome 13 PADPRP pseudogene polymorphism was detected by polymerase chain reaction-based analysis. Mutagen sensitivity was measured by an in vitro assay that quantified bleomycin-induced chromatid breaks in peripheral blood lymphocyte cultures. We examined 121 cases (80 African-Americans and 41 Mexican-Americans) with previously untreated lung cancer and 171 matched controls. Our results suggested that the distribution of the PADPRP pseudogene genotype frequencies was significantly different among African-American and Mexican-American controls (P < 0.001). The susceptibility genotype (i.e. at least one B allele) was found in 82.5% of African-American cases, 79.4% of African-American controls, 53.7% of Mexican-American cases, and 32.4% of Mexican-American controls. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals for the PADPRP susceptibility genotypes were 2.3 (95% CI = 0.7-8.0) and 3.2 (95% CI = 1.0-10.3) for African-Americans and Mexican-Americans respectively, after adjustment by age, sex, pack-years and mutagen sensitivity. Patients with the susceptibility genotype appeared to have more mutagen-induced breaks than did patients with the other genotype. Only adenocarcinoma was significantly associated with the PADPRP susceptibility genotype (OR = 3.8). Mutagen sensitivity (> or = 1 break/cell) was significantly associated with lung cancer risk for both ethnic groups with increased ORs of above three-fold. On stratified analysis, synergistic interactions were noted for the PADPRP susceptibility genotype, mutagen sensitivity and smoking status. In Mexican-Americans, the ORs for PADPRP susceptibility genotype, mutagen sensitivity and both risk factors combined were 1.3, 2.7 and 17.1 respectively. The combined OR for the PADPRP susceptibility genotype and smoking status was 15.6. Therefore, this polymorphism appears to be associated with lung cancer risk. However, it is likely that no single genotype is sufficiently predictive of risk and that a panel of susceptibility markers is needed to define the high-risk subgroup.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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