Journal Article

Evidence for hepatocarcinogenic activity of pentachlorobenzene with intralobular variation in foci incidence.

R S Thomas, D L Gustafson, W A Pott, M E Long, S A Benjamin and R S Yang

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 10, pages 1855-1862
Published in print October 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.10.1855
Evidence for hepatocarcinogenic activity of pentachlorobenzene with intralobular variation in foci incidence.

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Pentachlorobenzene (PeCB) is an important environmental contaminant derived primarily from the by-product contamination of the popular fungicides hexachlorobenzene and pentachloronitrobenzene. Its tumor-promoting activity was studied in a medium-term initiation/promotion assay in male F344 rats. Animals were given a single i.p. injection of diethylnitrosamine (200 mg/kg body weight) and 2 weeks later were administered 0.1 or 0.4 mmol/kg per day PeCB by gavage in a corn oil vehicle, 7 days/week. At the end of week 3, rats were subjected to a partial hepatectomy. Results showed that PeCB, at both doses, significantly increased both the number and area of glutathione S-transferase pi (GST-P) foci (>0.2 mm diameter) (P < 0.05). This trend was dose-dependent. In addition to increases in preneoplastic foci, liver glutathione concentrations and glutathione-associated enzymes showed significant changes in animals treated with PeCB. Glutathione reductase (GR) and gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) were both significantly induced in the centrilobular region. Changes in oxidized glutathione concentrations corresponded with the increase in GR activity with decreases of 40 and 30% in the low and high dose groups, respectively. No significant changes were detected in reduced glutathione concentrations. Together with changes in GR and gamma-GCS expression, a decrease in GST-P foci around the central veins was significant (P = 0.004) at the high dose. In these animals, 26% of the foci were classified as centrilobular whereas 37 and 39% of the foci were centrilobular in the low dose and control groups, respectively. Because of the co-localized nature of the changes in glutathione-associated enzymes and the decreased incidence of centrilobular foci, our results suggest that the reduced cellular environment may ultimately play a role in negatively selecting for foci growth.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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