Journal Article

Melatonin does not inhibit estradiol-stimulated proliferation in MCF-7 and BG-1 cells.

W S Baldwin, G S Travlos, J I Risinger and J C Barrett

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 11, pages 1895-1900
Published in print November 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.11.1895
Melatonin does not inhibit estradiol-stimulated proliferation in MCF-7 and BG-1 cells.

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Melatonin, an indolic pineal hormone, is produced primarily at night in mammals and is important in controlling biological rhythms. Previous research suggested that melatonin can attenuate proliferation in the estrogen-responsive MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. We tested whether these anti-proliferative effects may have physiological consequences upon two estrogen-responsive cell lines, MCF-7 (a breast cancer cell line) and BG-1 (an ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line). Melatonin (10(-9)-10(-5) M) attenuated proliferation of MCF-7 and BG-1 cells by >20% in the absence of estrogen. However, 17beta-estradiol exposure negated the ability of melatonin to inhibit proliferation. To substantiate this finding, cells were estrogen starved followed by multiple treatments with estradiol and melatonin. Melatonin did not inhibit estradiol-stimulated proliferation under this protocol. Estradiol increased MCF-7 and BG-1 cell cycle transition from G1 to S phase, however, melatonin did not inhibit this transition nor did it down-regulate estradiol-induced pS2 mRNA levels measured by northern blotting, further indicating that melatonin was unable to attenuate estradiol-induced proliferation and gene expression. We also examined the effects of melatonin on estradiol-induced proliferation in MCF-7 cell xenografts in athymic nude mice. Melatonin at a dose 28 times greater than 17beta-estradiol did not inhibit estradiol-induced proliferation in vivo. Furthermore, pinealectomy did not increase proliferation. Therefore, we conclude that melatonin does not directly inhibit estradiol-induced proliferation.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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