Journal Article

Structural determination of a mutagenic aminophenylnorharman produced by the co-mutagen norharman with aniline.

Y Totsuka, N Hada, K Matsumoto, N Kawahara, Y Murakami, Y Yokoyama, T Sugimura and K Wakabayashi

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 11, pages 1995-2000
Published in print November 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
Structural determination of a mutagenic aminophenylnorharman produced by the co-mutagen norharman with aniline.

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Norharman (9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole), widely distributed in our environment, including cigarette smoke and cooked foodstuffs, is not mutagenic to Salmonella strains, but becomes mutagenic to S.typhimurium TA98 and YG1024 with S9 mix in the presence of non-mutagenic aromatic amines such as aniline and o-toluidine. To elucidate the mechanisms of co-mutagenicity, we tried to isolate the mutagen(s) produced by a reaction between norharman and aniline with S9 mix. By HPLC purification, two mutagenic compounds (I and II), one (I) showing mutagenicity with and the other (II) without S9 mix, were isolated. The structure of compound I was deduced to be a coupled compound of norharman and aniline, 9-(4'-aminophenyl)-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (aminophenylnorharman), by a variety of spectrometry techniques and this was confirmed by its chemical synthesis. The mutagenic activity of this novel heterocyclic amine was tested using the pre-incubation method and was found to induce 187,000 revertants in TA98 and 1,783,000 revertants in YG1024 per microg with S9 mix. Compound II was shown to be hydroxyaminophenylnorharman. Formation of the same DNA adducts was observed in YG1024 when aminophenylnorharman or a mixture of norharman plus aniline was incubated with S9 mix. The hydroxyamino derivative also yielded the same DNA adducts in YG1024. Thus, the appearance of mutagenicity by norharman with aniline in the presence of S9 mix suggests that the coupled mutagenic compound, aminophenylnorharman, is formed from norharman and aniline, then converted to the hydroxyamino derivative and forms DNA adducts to induce mutations in TA98 and YG1024.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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