Journal Article

Bioactivation of the cooked food mutagen N-hydroxy-2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine by estrogen sulfotransferase in cultured human mammary epithelial cells.

A J Lewis, U K Walle, R S King, F F Kadlubar, C N Falany and T Walle

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 11, pages 2049-2053
Published in print November 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.11.2049
Bioactivation of the cooked food mutagen N-hydroxy-2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine by estrogen sulfotransferase in cultured human mammary epithelial cells.

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Cooked food mutagens from fried meat and fish have recently been suggested to contribute to the etiology of breast cancer. Thus, the most prevalent of these compounds, i.e. 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine, or rather its more mutagenic N-hydroxylated metabolite (N-OH-PhIP), forms DNA adducts in mammary cells, including human mammary epithelial (HME) cells. The objective of this study was to determine the involvement of estrogen sulfotransferase (EST), the only sulfotransferase identified in HME cells, in the further bioactivation of N-OH-PhIP. These studies were done in vitro using human recombinant EST and in intact HME cells. Human recombinant EST increased the covalent binding of [3H]N-OH-PhIP to calf thymus DNA approximately 3.5-fold in the presence of the sulfotransferase co-substrate 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate at each N-OH-PhIP concentration (1, 10 and 100 microM) (n = 6, P < 0.001). In contrast, EST did not catalyze the DNA binding of two other cooked food mutagens, N-hydroxy-2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline and N-hydroxy-2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline, which are mainly hepatocarcinogens. Cultured HME cells displayed high EST activity, which could be completely inhibited by 1 microM estrone. When the cells were incubated with [3H]N-OH-PhIP, binding to native DNA occurred at 60-240 pmol/mg DNA. This binding was inhibited to 55% of control by 1 microM estrone (P < 0.01, n = 8), suggesting that EST plays a significant role in carcinogen bioactivation in human breast tissue.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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