Journal Article

Estrogen-induced microsatellite DNA alterations are associated with Syrian hamster kidney tumorigenesis.

A V Hodgson, S Ayala-Torres, E B Thompson and J G Liehr

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 12, pages 2169-2172
Published in print December 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.12.2169
Estrogen-induced microsatellite DNA alterations are associated with Syrian hamster kidney tumorigenesis.

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Exposure to estrogens is associated with an increase in cancers, including malignancies of the breast and uterus in humans, and of the kidney in hamsters. DNA damage induced by metabolic activation of estrogen has been postulated to result in gene mutations critical for the development of estrogen-induced kidney tumors in hamsters. As part of our examination of the genetic consequences of estrogen-induced DNA damage, we searched for estrogen-induced alterations in microsatellite DNA, a frequent site of mutation in tumors. Genomic DNA isolated from kidney of hamsters treated with estradiol, from estrogen-induced kidney tumors and from untreated age-matched controls, was examined by Southern blot analysis with three multi-locus oligonucleotide probes: (GACA)4, (CAC)6 and (CAG)6. Alterations in DNA fragments containing GACA and CAC tandem repeats were detected in kidney DNA of hamsters treated with hormone for 3 and 4 months, whereas no such effects were seen in control animals. In estrogen-induced tumors, microsatellite alterations were observed in fragments that contain these same two repeat sequences and also CAG repeat sequences. The induction of microsatellite alterations by estradiol in kidney DNA preceding estrogen-induced renal malignancy may play a role in hormone-induced tumorigenesis.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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