Journal Article

Temporal sequence of mammary intraductal proliferations, ductal carcinomas in situ and adenocarcinomas induced by 1-methyl-1-nitrosourea in rats.

H J Thompson, J N McGinley, P Wolfe, M Singh, V E Steele and G J Kelloff

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 12, pages 2181-2185
Published in print December 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.12.2181
Temporal sequence of mammary intraductal proliferations, ductal carcinomas in situ and adenocarcinomas induced by 1-methyl-1-nitrosourea in rats.

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An experimental model for mammary carcinogenesis has been described in which intraductal proliferations, ductal carcinomas in situ and adenocarcinomas can be readily detected and the frequency of their occurrence quantified. The objective of the experiment reported in this study was to determine the latency period between carcinogen administration and the occurrence of each of these types of lesion. A total of 150 female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected i.p. with 50 mg 1-methyl-1-nitrosourea (MNU)/kg body wt at 21 days of age. Groups of 30 rats each were killed at 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35 days post-carcinogen. Mammary intraductal proliferations were the first detected lesions and were observed in 20% of the animals at 14 days following carcinogen administration. At 21 days post-carcinogen ductal carcinomas in situ and adenocarcinomas were observed. The number of each type of lesion increased with time post-carcinogen, but the temporal pattern of occurrence was different among lesion types. The pattern of lesion occurrence was consistent with intraductal proliferations being a precursor lesion for ductal carcinomas in situ and adenocarcinomas. Furthermore, the data imply that ductal carcinomas in situ represent one pathway of morphological progression by which intraductal proliferations evolve into invasive carcinomas, but that this lesion type, as currently defined histologically, may not be an obligatory intermediate in morphologic progression. These findings are consistent with emerging evidence of multiple but distinct pathogenetic pathways leading to mammary carcinomas that display different morphological patterns and biological activities.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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