Journal Article

Enhanced levels of several mitochondrial mRNA transcripts and mitochondrial superoxide production during ethinyl estradiol-induced hepatocarcinogenesis and after estrogen treatment of HepG2 cells.

J Chen, M Gokhale, Y Li, M A Trush and J D Yager

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 12, pages 2187-2193
Published in print December 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.12.2187
Enhanced levels of several mitochondrial mRNA transcripts and mitochondrial superoxide production during ethinyl estradiol-induced hepatocarcinogenesis and after estrogen treatment of HepG2 cells.

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Ethinyl estradiol (EE) is a strong hepatic promoter and weak complete hepatocarcinogen. Among the effects on rat liver caused by chronic exposure to non-hepatotoxic doses of EE is an initial, transient increase in hepatocyte growth followed by a subsequent inhibition (mitosuppression) of basal and/or induced liver growth. To investigate the mechanism of EE-induced mitosuppression, we performed a differential display and identified 10 genes whose expression was increased 2- to 4-fold in EE-induced, mitosuppressed livers (Chen et al., Carcinogenesis, 17, 2783-2786, 1996). We found that one of these clones was homologous to nuclear genome-encoded mitochondrial ATP synthase subunit E. Here, we describe the identification of two additional cDNAs representing transcripts whose levels were elevated during EE-induced mitosuppression as mitochondrial DNA-encoded cytochrome c oxidase subunit III and ATP synthase 6. In addition, we found that EE, estradiol and the estradiol catechol metabolites, 4-OH-estradiol and 2-OH-estradiol, increased the levels of these and other mitochondrial genome-encoded transcripts in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. We also observed that this increase can be blocked by inhibition of cytochrome P450-mediated estrogen metabolism, and that this increase is accompanied by increased mitochondrial superoxide production, which reflects increased respiratory chain activity.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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