Journal Article

Effect of genetic modification of acute inflammatory responsiveness on tumorigenesis in the mouse.

G Biozzi, O G Ribeiro, A Saran, M L Araujo, D A Maria, M De Franco, W K Cabrera, O A Sant'anna, S Massa, V Covelli, D Mouton, T Neveu, M Siqueira and O M Ibanez

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 2, pages 337-346
Published in print February 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.2.337
Effect of genetic modification of acute inflammatory responsiveness on tumorigenesis in the mouse.

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Two distinct bidirectional selective breedings for quantitative traits were initiated from identical genetically heterogeneous mouse populations. The resulting lines are characterized by maximal or minimal acute inflammatory responsiveness (AIR): AIRmax and AIRmin lines, respectively, and by resistance or susceptibility to chemical skin tumorigenesis: Car-R and Car-S lines, respectively. The AIR response to s.c. injection of polyacrylamide microbeads, measured by cell content in the local exudate, was 10 times higher in AIRmax than in AIRmin mice. The response to selection was asymmetrical: the realized heritability was 0.26 in AIRmax and 0.008 in AIRmin, and resulted from the additive effect of 7-11 quantitative trait loci (QTL). Low responsiveness was globally dominant in F1 and 48% of F2 segregant variance was found to be due to genetic factors. These findings are the first demonstration of innate regulation of AIR by germ line genes. Susceptibility to skin tumorigenesis induced by a two-stage initiation (DMBA)-promotion (TPA) protocol was lower in AIRmax mice than in AIRmin mice, a 6-fold difference in tumor induction rate. Intense AIR was found to be associated with resistance, and low AIR with susceptibility to tumorigenesis, in F2 segregants chosen for extreme AIR phenotypes. At least some of the AIR QTLs therefore contain genes controlling tumorigenesis. Tumor phenotypes differed more in Car-R and Car-S than in AIRmax and AIRmin lines, indicating that QTLs unrelated to AIR, contribute to the host response to tumorigenesis. The extreme phenotypes/genotypes of the four selected lines and the known genetic constitution of their foundation population, offer new possibilities to discriminate the genes/mechanisms controlling two important traits: AIR and response to chemical tumorigenesis. Collaborative projects will be favorably considered. The description of tumor resistance genes in AIRmax and Car-R mice may be helpful for epidemiology and therapy of human cancer.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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