Journal Article

Beta2 integrin/ICAM-1 adhesion molecule interactions in cutaneous inflammation and tumor promotion.

T M Oberyszyn, C J Conti, M S Ross, A S Oberyszyn, K L Tober, A I Rackoff and F M Robertson

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 3, pages 445-455
Published in print March 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.3.445
Beta2 integrin/ICAM-1 adhesion molecule interactions in cutaneous inflammation and tumor promotion.

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The beta2 integrin (CD 18/CD 11 a, b, c) family of proteins mediate adherence of leukocytes to vascular endothelium and the associated ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1; CD 54), interacts with beta2 integrin proteins to allow transendothelial migration of leukocytes into sites of inflammation. The present study examines the function of these proteins in a murine model of acute cutaneous inflammation induced following topical application of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) to the dorsal epidermis of SENCAR mice and in a model of skin multistage carcinogenesis. At 24 h following topical application of TPA to the dorsal epidermis of mice, dermal leukocytes expressed higher levels of beta2 integrin protein compared with the lower levels of beta2 integrin protein expression by peripheral blood leukocytes. ICAM-1 protein was localized to epidermal keratinocytes and vascular endothelium in TPA-treated skin and to proliferating papilloma cells. Intravenous (i.v.) injection of either 50 microg anti-beta2 integrin antibody alone or in combination with anti-ICAM-1 antibody significantly inhibited both TPA-stimulated neutrophil infiltration into the dermis (P < 0.001) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity (P < 0.03 anti-beta2 integrin antibody; P < 0.01 anti-beta2 integrin + ICAM-1 adhesion molecule antibodies), but had no effect on TPA-induced epidermal hyperplasia. In addition, injection of either anti-ICAM-1 adhesion molecule antibody alone (P < 0.004) or in combination with anti-beta2 integrin antibody (P < 0.001) significantly inhibited TPA-induced production of 7,8-dihydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) immunoreactive proteins by epidermal keratinocytes. Beta2 integrin/ICAM-1 adhesion molecules work in concert to regulate migration, retention and functional activation of leukocytes within the dermis during TPA-induced skin inflammation and within stromal tissue of papillomas that form during multi-stage carcinogenesis. Agents that inhibit these receptor/ligand interactions may be useful in defining the roles of specific cell populations in cutaneous inflammation and multistage carcinogenesis and may also have potential as anti-promoting and anti-progression agents.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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