Journal Article

Liver-specific catalase expression in transgenic mice inhibits NF-kappaB activation and DNA synthesis induced by the peroxisome proliferator ciprofibrate.

V Nilakantan, B T Spear and H P Glauert

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 4, pages 631-637
Published in print April 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.4.631
Liver-specific catalase expression in transgenic mice inhibits NF-kappaB activation and DNA synthesis induced by the peroxisome proliferator ciprofibrate.

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Peroxisome proliferators are a group of non-genotoxic hepatic carcinogens that have been proposed to act by increasing oxidative damage in the liver. To test this hypothesis, we have examined if hepatic catalase overexpression in peroxisome proliferator-treated mice influences the induction of cell proliferation or the activation of transcription factors involved in cell proliferation. Transgenic mice or non-transgenic littermates were fed either 0.01% ciprofibrate or a control diet for 21 days. Fatty acyl CoA oxidase activity was not significantly affected by catalase overexpression, although the ratio of fatty acyl CoA oxidase to catalase was significantly decreased in transgenic animals. The labeling index in hepatocytes was significantly increased by ciprofibrate in non-transgenic mice, but catalase overexpression significantly inhibited this increase. Ciprofibrate increased the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB in non-transgenic mice, but this increase was inhibited by catalase overexpression. Ciprofibrate also increased AP-1 activation, but catalase overexpression did not significantly inhibit this increase, although AP-1 activation was 40% lower in transgenic mice. These results support the hypothesis that active oxygen plays a role in the induction of cell proliferation by the peroxisome proliferator ciprofibrate and therefore may be important in the carcinogenicity of these agents.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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