Journal Article

Inhibition of vinyl carbamate-induced hepatotoxicity, mutagenicity, and tumorigenicity by isopropyl-2-(1,3-dithietane-2-ylidene)-2-[N-(4-methylthiazol-2- yl)carbamoyl]acetate (YH439).

S G Kim, Y J Surh, Y Sohn, J K Yoo, J W Lee, A Liem and J A Miller

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 4, pages 687-690
Published in print April 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.4.687
Inhibition of vinyl carbamate-induced hepatotoxicity, mutagenicity, and tumorigenicity by isopropyl-2-(1,3-dithietane-2-ylidene)-2-[N-(4-methylthiazol-2- yl)carbamoyl]acetate (YH439).

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Isopropyl-2-(1,3-dithietane-2-ylidene)-2-[N-(4-methylthiazol -2-yl)carbamoyl]acetate (YH439) is a novel dithioylidene malonate derivative developed for the treatment of hepatic injury. The compound has been found to down-regulate the expression of hepatic cytochrome P-450 2E1 (CYP2E1) at the transcriptional level (8). Certain organosulfur compounds present in garlic elicit protective effects on chemically induced carcinogenesis and mutagenesis and their chemopreventive activities are associated in part with inhibition of CYP2E1. As part of a program to determine the likely chemopreventive potential of YH439, we initially examined its effects on hepatotoxicity induced by vinyl carbamate (VC), a proximate carcinogen that is preferentially bioactivated by CYP2E1. A single i.p. injection of VC (125 mg/kg body wt) to male Sprague-Dawley rats resulted in severe hepatic lesions as demonstrated by elevated levels of serum enzymes such as alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. Histopathological evaluation of liver sections from VC-treated animals revealed that the hepatic damage mainly consisted of centrilobular necrosis with sinusoidal congestion. Oral administration of YH439 (200 mg/kg body wt) to male Sprague-Dawley rats 2 days, 1 day and 4 h prior to VC completely prevented the hepatic damage caused by this carcinogen. In another experiment, rat hepatic microsome-mediated bacterial mutagenicity of VC was suppressed by YH439 in a dose-related manner. Furthermore, pretreatment of female CD-1 mice with YH439 by gastric intubation resulted in diminution of VC-induced skin carcinogenesis.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.