Journal Article

Clonal analysis of urothelial carcinomas in C3H/HeN<-->BALB/c chimeric mice treated with N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine.

S Yamamoto, M Tatematsu, M Yamamoto, H Fukami and S Fukushima

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 5, pages 855-860
Published in print May 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.5.855
Clonal analysis of urothelial carcinomas in C3H/HeN<-->BALB/c chimeric mice treated with N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine.

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The histological background for multifocal and metachronous development of urothelial carcinomas remains equivocal, although accumulated genetic evidence suggests monoclonal origin of multiple urothelial carcinomas. Clonal development of various preneoplastic and neoplastic urothelial lesions of C3H<-->BALB/c chimeric mice induced by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN) was immunohistochemically investigated using a C3H strain-specific antibody. All tumor masses induced in the mice treated with 0.05% BBN for 20 weeks were composed of neoplastic cells of a single parental type, which is indicative of monoclonal lesions. Three of 10 animals harbored two or more separate carcinomas of different clonal type, which is indicative of multicentric development applicable in this model. Using DNAs derived from urothelial carcinomas and tumor-adjacent urothelium of chimeric mice, polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis and direct sequencing were performed for p53 gene exons 5-7. p53 mutations were identified in four of 11 (36%) dysplasias and non-invasive carcinomas (carcinoma in situ and pTa tumor) and 13 of 22 (59%) invasive carcinomas. Only in a single case were identical p53 mutations found in separate urinary bladder carcinomas. In contrast to the random distribution of urothelial proliferating units in chimeric mice without chemical supplement, invasive carcinomas in BBN-treated mice were accompanied by widely-distributed preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the same clonality, which occasionally had frequent foci of microinvasion. This is indicative of lateral clonal expansion of the clones, which precedes the bulk of invasive carcinomas. Thus, two aspects of 'field change' of the urothelium became evident in this model: either independent transformation events or lateral clonal expansion might, respectively, result in multicentric and monoclonal carcinoma development in the urinary tract.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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