Journal Article

Molecular characterization of ST1C1-related human sulfotransferase.

K Yoshinari, K Nagata, M Shimada and Y Yamazoe

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 5, pages 951-953
Published in print May 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.5.951
Molecular characterization of ST1C1-related human sulfotransferase.

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Carcinogenic arylamines such as N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (N-OH-AAF) are metabolically activated by mammalian sulfotransferases to form N-hydroxyarylamine O-sulfates. We previously showed that rat ST1C1 efficiently mediate these activations. These reactions occur in liver cytosols of humans as well as rats. However, the enzyme responsible for N-OH-AAF activation has not been identified in humans. In the present study, a human cDNA (ST1C2) encoding a sulfotransferase showing a high similarity with ST1C1, has been isolated from a human fetal liver cDNA library and expressed using a bacterial expression system. A clear difference was observed in the pH optima for p-nitrophenol sulfation between ST1C2 and ST1C1 expressed in Escherichia coli. In addition, ST1C2 did not mediate 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate-dependent DNA binding of N-OH-AAF. These results suggest that human ST1C2 has a clear different substrate specificity, in spite of the structural similarity, with rat ST1C1.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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