Journal Article

Analysis of the DNA adducts of phenyl glycidyl ether in a calf thymus DNA hydrolysate by capillary zone electrophoresis-electrospray mass spectrometry: evidence for phosphate alkylation.

D L Deforce, F Lemière, I Hoes, R E Millecamps, E L Esmans, A De Leenheer and E G Van den Eeckhout

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 6, pages 1077-1086
Published in print June 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.6.1077
Analysis of the DNA adducts of phenyl glycidyl ether in a calf thymus DNA hydrolysate by capillary zone electrophoresis-electrospray mass spectrometry: evidence for phosphate alkylation.

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Calf thymus DNA was reacted in vitro with phenyl glycidyl ether (PGE) and was hydrolysed enzymatically, to the 5'-monophosphate nucleotides using deoxyribonuclease I (DNA-ase I) and nuclease P1. The adducts were concentrated using solid phase extraction (SPE), on a polystyrene divinylbenzene copolymer in order to remove the unmodified nucleotides. The adducts could be identified using capillary zone electrophoresis-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (CZE ES-MS/MS), using sample stacking. In addition to the base alkylated 2'-deoxynucleotides present in the DNA-hydrolysate, also phosphate alkylated 2'-deoxynucleotide adducts were identified for TMP and dAMP. An additional adduct, dUMP alkylated on the uridine moiety was found originating from the hydrolytic deamination of dCMP alkylated on N3 of the cytosine moiety. Enzymatic hydrolysis using nuclease P1 was incomplete as shown by the presence of dinucleotides alkylated on the base moiety. They were successfully hydrolysed to the corresponding 2'-deoxynucleotides by snake venom phosphodiesterase (SVP). Data are shown indicating that alkylations on the pyrimidine bases were more resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis with nuclease P1 than the purine alkylated products.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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