Journal Article

The transcriptional effects and DNA-binding specificities of 17beta-estradiol after dimethyldioxirane activation.

F L Yu, W Bender, W Y Zheng and M Y Wang

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 6, pages 1127-1132
Published in print June 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.6.1127
The transcriptional effects and DNA-binding specificities of 17beta-estradiol after dimethyldioxirane activation.

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It was found recently that 17beta-estradiol (E2) could be activated by the epoxide-forming oxidant dimethyldioxirane (DMDO) resulting in the inhibition of rat liver nuclear and nucleolar RNA synthesis in vitro (Carcinogenesis, 17, 1957-1961, 1996). To further study the mechanism of this inhibition, several synthetic DNAs with different base content and sequence were used to study the transcriptional effects and binding specificities of E2 after DMDO activation in vitro. The results show: (1) E2 after activation had a strong inhibitory effect on the template function of both A-T and G-C containing double-stranded DNAs, e.g. poly[d(A-T)], polydG x polydC and poly[d(I-C)], and only a weak inhibition on the single-stranded DNA template, polydC. The inhibition was dose-dependent, and only after DMDO activation. (2) 3H-labeled E2, after DMDO activation, was able to bind DNAs containing both A-T and G-C bases. The order of the binding preference was: calf thymus DNA > poly[d(A-T)] > poly[d(G-C)]. (3) The covalent binding nature of E2 to DNA after activation was further confirmed by 32P-post-labeling analysis using calf thymus DNA. (4) The absorption spectrum of E2 changed, after DMDO treatment, from a peak around 280-290 nm to 260-270 nm with a shoulder appearing around 300-320 nm. These studies have not only confirmed our earlier observation that E2, after DMDO activation, can inhibit DNA-dependent RNA synthesis, but also provided new insights into the DNA-binding properties after activation. Additionally, since epoxidation is often required for the activation of chemical carcinogens to bind DNA, these studies lend further support to our proposed hypothesis that E2 epoxidation may play an initiation role in estrogen carcinogenesis.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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