Journal Article

Chemopreventive effects of 2-(allylthio)pyrazine on hepatic lesion, mutagenesis and tumorigenesis induced by vinyl carbamate or vinyl carbamate epoxide.

Y J Surh, S G Kim, K K Park, Y Sohn, J M Lee, N D Kim and J A Miller

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 7, pages 1263-1267
Published in print July 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online July 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.7.1263
Chemopreventive effects of 2-(allylthio)pyrazine on hepatic lesion, mutagenesis and tumorigenesis induced by vinyl carbamate or vinyl carbamate epoxide.

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2-(Allylthio)pyrazine (2-AP), synthesized for its possible use as a hepatoprotective agent, has been found to selectively inhibit rat hepatic cytochrome P450 2E1 (Kim et al., Biochem. Pharmacol., 53, 261-269, 1997), while it enhances the activities of phase II detoxification enzymes such as glutathione S-transferase and epoxide hydrolase. As part of a program in evaluating the chemopreventive potential of 2-AP, we have determined its effects on hepatotoxicity, mutagenicity and tumorigenicity of vinyl carbamate (VC), a prototypic hepatocarcinogen preferentially activated by P450 2E1 to the ultimate carcinogenic metabolite vinyl carbamate epoxide (VCO), which undergoes detoxification by glutathione conjugation and oxirane hydrolysis. Administration of 2-AP (100 mg/kg body wt) to male Sprague-Dawley rats by gavage, 2 days, 1 day and 4 h prior to VC or VCO, markedly ameliorated the hepatotoxicity of these compounds as determined by decreased serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase activities. Furthermore, 2-AP pre-treatment significantly suppressed the VC-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in infant male B6C3F1 mice. In a separate experiment, the multiplicities of skin tumors formed in female ICR mice treated with 5.8 micromol of VC or VCO were inhibited 58 and 70%, respectively, by pre-treatment with 2-AP by oral administration. The mutational spectrum of ras-oncogene in papillomas was not altered by 2-AP pre-treatment. 2-AP also inhibited the mutagenicity of VC in the Salmonella-microsome assay. Taken together, these findings suggest that 2-AP is a potential chemopreventive agent.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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