Journal Article

Effect of promoter and intron 2 polymorphisms on murine lung K-ras gene expression.

S E Jones-Bolin, E Johansson, W A Palmisano, M W Anderson, J S Wiest and S A Belinsky

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 8, pages 1503-1508
Published in print August 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.8.1503
Effect of promoter and intron 2 polymorphisms on murine lung K-ras gene expression.

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Differences in tumor formation among inbred mouse strains with high (A/J) and low (C3H) susceptibility for lung cancer have been linked to a repetitive element within the second intron of the K-ras gene. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether differences within the K-ras gene promoter region or the intron 2 polymorphism affect K-ras gene expression in lung tumors and target alveolar type II cells isolated from A/J and C3H mice. Ribonuclease protection assays were performed using RNA isolated from 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)-induced lung tumors from each mouse strain and alveolar type II cells isolated from A/J and C3H mice. An 838 bp fragment of the murine K-ras gene promoter region was amplified by PCR, cloned and sequenced from both mouse strains. Promoter regions from both mouse strains were inserted into a luciferase reporter gene vector, with and without the second intron polymorphism, and transfected into sensitive, intermediate and resistant lung tumor cell lines. No significant differences in K-ras gene promoter activity was found between the two strains using these specific reporter gene constructs. Consistent with these results, levels of K-ras expression did not differ between alveolar type II cells, whole lung or tumors induced by NNK in A/J or C3H mice. Moreover, in lung tumor cell lines derived from mice with differing susceptibility for lung cancer, K-ras expression did not correlate with the growth rate of tumors induced in nude mice from these cell lines. These results indicate that factors involved in modulating the rapid clonal expansion of the mutated K-ras allele from A/J mice are not directly linked to expression of this gene. Other genetic changes or losses in conjunction with hypothesized modifier loci, such as the Par1 locus, must play a significant role in establishing the phenotypic strain differences for lung tumor formation.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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