Journal Article

Isoflavone genistein inhibits the initiation and promotion of two-stage skin carcinogenesis in mice.

H Wei, R Bowen, X Zhang and M Lebwohl

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 8, pages 1509-1514
Published in print August 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.8.1509
Isoflavone genistein inhibits the initiation and promotion of two-stage skin carcinogenesis in mice.

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Isoflavone genistein is a specific inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) and has been shown to have a variety of anticancer activities in cultured cells and animal models. We report here that genistein significantly inhibits 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-initiated and 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-promoted skin tumorigenesis in a two-stage carcinogenesis model. In an initiation study, 10 micromol genistein was applied daily to female SENCAR mouse skin for 1 week, followed by initiation with 10 nmol DMBA. Mice were then treated with twice weekly 4 microg TPA. Genistein was shown to reduce tumor incidence and multiplicity in DMBA-initiated skin tumors by approximately 20 (P < 0.05) and 50% (P < 0.01), respectively. Two promotion studies were conducted using CD-1 and SENCAR mice. In experiment 1, CD-1 mice were initiated with 100 nmol DMBA and followed by a twice weekly regimen of 1 and 5 micromol genistein/4 microg TPA. In experiment 2, SENCAR mice were initiated with 10 nmol DMBA and followed by a regimen of 5, 10 and 20 micromol genistein/2 microg TPA. Both studies consistently showed that genistein substantially inhibited TPA-promoted skin tumorigenesis by reducing the tumor multiplicity by approximately 60 and 75%, respectively (P < 0.01). However, the tumor incidence appeared to be less affected. Mechanistic studies showed that genistein inhibited DMBA-induced bulky DNA adduct formation and substantially suppressed TPA-stimulated H2O2 and inflammatory responses in mouse skin by >60% (P < 0.01). In contrast, genistein only exhibited a moderate inhibition of TPA-induced ornithine decarboxylase activity (P > 0.05). Our results suggest that genistein exerts its anti-initiational and anti-promotional effects on skin carcinogenesis probably through blockage of DNA adduct formation and inhibition of oxidative and inflammatory events in vivo.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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