Journal Article

Synthesis and excretion profile of 1,4-[14C]phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate in the rat.

K El-Bayoumy, P Upadhyaya, O S Sohn, J G Rosa and E S Fiala

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 9, pages 1603-1607
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.9.1603
Synthesis and excretion profile of 1,4-[14C]phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate in the rat.

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1,4-Phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) inhibits chemically induced tumors in several laboratory animal models. To understand its mode of action, we synthesized p-[14C]XSC, examined its excretion pattern in female CD rats and also the nature of its metabolites. p-[14C]XSC was synthesized from alpha,alpha-dibromo-p-[ring-14C]xylene in 80% yield. The excretion profile of p-[14C]XSC (15.8 mg/kg body wt, 200 microCi/rat, oral administration, in 1 ml corn oil) in vivo was monitored by measuring radioactivity and selenium content. On the basis of radioactivity, approximately 20% of the dose was excreted in the urine and 68% in the feces over 3 days. The cumulative percentages of the dose excreted over 7 days were 24% in urine and 75% in feces, similar to excretion rates of selenium. According to selenium measurement, <1% of the dose was detected in exhaled air; radioactivity was not detected. Only 15% of the dose was extractable from the feces with EtOAc and was identified as tetraselenocyclophane (TSC). Most of the radioactivity remained tightly bound to the feces. Approximately 10% of this bound material converted to TSC on reduction with NaBH4. Organic soluble metabolites in urine did not exceed 2% of the dose; sulfate (9 % of urinary metabolites) and glucuronic acid (19.5% of urinary metabolites) conjugates were observed but their structural identification is still underway. Co-chromatography with a synthetic standard led to the detection of terephthalic acid (1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid) as a minor metabolite. The major urinary conjugates contained selenium. Despite the low levels of selenium in the exhaled air, the reductive metabolism of p-XSC to H2Se cannot be ruled out. Identification of TSC in vivo indicates that a selenol may be a key intermediate responsible for the chemopreventive action of p-XSC.

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Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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