Journal Article

Exposure to 60 Hz magnetic fields and risk of lymphoma in PIM transgenic and TSG-p53 (p53 knockout) mice.

D L McCormick, B M Ryan, J C Findlay, J R Gauger, T R Johnson, R L Morrissey and G A Boorman

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 9, pages 1649-1653
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
Exposure to 60 Hz magnetic fields and risk of lymphoma in PIM transgenic and TSG-p53 (p53 knockout) mice.

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics


Show Summary Details


The results of a number of epidemiology studies suggest that exposure to power frequency (50 and 60 Hz) magnetic fields may be a risk factor for hematopoietic neoplasia. To generate experimental data to test this hypothesis, the influence of magnetic field exposure on lymphoma induction was determined in two strains of mice that are genetically predisposed to the disease. PIM mice, which carry the pim-1 oncogene, are highly sensitive to lymphoma induction by N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU); ENU-treated PIM mice were studied as a 'high incidence' lymphoma model. TSG-p53 (p53 knockout) mice, in which the p53 tumor suppressor gene has been deleted from the germ line, develop lymphoma as an age-related change; hemizygous TSG-p53 mice were studied as a 'low incidence' lymphoma model. Beginning 1 day after a single i.p. injection of 25 mg ENU/kg body wt, groups of 30 PIM mice/sex were exposed for 18.5 h/day to pure, linearly polarized, transient-free 60 Hz magnetic fields at field strengths of 0 (sham control), 0.02, 2.0 or 10.0 Gauss (G). An additional group of 30 PIM mice/sex was exposed intermittently (1 h on, 1 h off) to 10.0 G fields. Groups of 30 TSG-p53 mice/sex were exposed continuously to magnetic field strengths of 0 (sham control) or 10.0 G; TSG-p53 mice received no ENU. Studies were terminated after 23 weeks of magnetic field exposure. Lymphoma incidence in male PIM mice exposed continuously to 10.0 G magnetic fields was significantly reduced from that seen in sex-matched sham controls; survival, lymphoma incidence and lymphoma latency in other groups of PIM mice did not differ from sham controls. Survival and lymphoma incidence in all groups of TSG-p53 mice was 7% or less, regardless of magnetic field exposure regimen. These data do not support the hypothesis that exposure to magnetic fields is a significant risk factor for lymphoid neoplasia in mice with a genetic predisposition to the disease.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.