Journal Article

Specificities of human glutathione S-transferase isozymes toward anti-diol epoxides of methylchrysenes.

X Hu, A Pal, J Krzeminski, S Amin, Y C Awasthi, P Zimniak and S V Singh

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 9, pages 1685-1689
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.9.1685
Specificities of human glutathione S-transferase isozymes toward anti-diol epoxides of methylchrysenes.

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The specificities of human glutathione (GSH) S-transferase (GST) isozymes of class alpha (hGSTA1-1), mu (hGSTM1-1) and pi (hGSTP1-1), including the three allelic forms of hGSTP1-1 [hGSTP1-1(I104,A113), hGSTP1-1(V104,A113) and hGSTP1-1(V104,V113)], in catalyzing the GSH conjugation of anti-diol epoxide stereoisomers of 5-methylchrysene (anti-5-MeCDE) have been examined. The specific activities of human GSTs were significantly higher toward (+)-anti-5-MeCDE than toward the (-)-enantiomer of anti-5-MeCDE. All three variants of hGSTP1-1 were significantly more efficient than either hGSTA1-1 or hGSTM1-1 in GSH conjugation of (+)-anti-5-MeCDE. The catalytic efficiencies of hGSTP1-1 variants toward (+)-anti-5-MeCDE were in the order hGSTP1-1(I104,A113) > hGSTP1-1(V104,V113) > hGSTP1-1(V104,A113). The present study suggests that the I104,A113 allele, which is most frequent in human populations, may play a major role in the detoxification of (+)-anti-5-MeCDE. This may point to specificity, because previous studies from our laboratory have shown that the hGSTP1-1(V104,V113) isoform is significantly more efficient than the other two variants of hGSTP1-1 in catalyzing GSH conjugation of (+)-anti-7R,8S-dihydroxy-9S,10R-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene [(+)-anti-BPDE], the ultimate carcinogen of benzo[a]pyrene. Even though the mechanism of the differences in the activities of hGSTP1-1 variants toward anti-5-MeCDE versus anti-BPDE remains to be elucidated, it seems that the molecular configuration of the diol epoxide is an important determinant of the activity of hGSTP1-1 isoforms toward polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon diol epoxides.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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