Journal Article

Recovery of the normal p53 response after UV treatment in DNA repair-deficient fibroblasts by retroviral-mediated correction with the XPD gene.

N Dumaz, C Drougard, X Quilliet, M Mezzina, A Sarasin and L Daya-Grosjean

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 19, issue 9, pages 1701-1704
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/19.9.1701
Recovery of the normal p53 response after UV treatment in DNA repair-deficient fibroblasts by retroviral-mediated correction with the XPD gene.

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Among the major responses of human cells to DNA damage is accumulation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein, which plays a crucial role as a cell-cycle checkpoint. We have already shown that this response is different in cells from the UV-hypersensitive human syndromes xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) and trichothiodystrophy (TTD), which overlap with each other and arise from mutations in genes involved in nucleotide excision repair. In this paper we report that correction of the repair defect by retroviral-mediated transduction of the wild-type XPD gene in XP-D and TTD/XP-D untransformed primary fibroblasts leads to a normal p53 response in these cells. Thus, the complemented cells, like normal human fibroblasts, require higher UV doses (10 J/m2) for p53 induction than the parental repair-deficient XP-D or TTD/XP-D cells (both mapping at the XPD locus), which accumulate p53 protein at very low UV doses (2.5 and 5 J/m2). The p53 protein levels return to normal 24 h after irradiation when UV-induced lesions have been efficiently repaired by the restored NER activity. These data confirm our earlier results that p53 accumulation following UV treatment is directly related to the presence of unrepaired cyclobutane dimers on the transcribed strand of active genes.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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