Journal Article

Effect of carcinogen dose fractionation, diet and source of F344 rat on the induction of colonic aberrant crypts by 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-<i>f</i>]quinoline

Meirong Xu, Rongliang Chen and Roderick H. Dashwood

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 20, issue 12, pages 2293-2298
Published in print December 1999 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/20.12.2293
Effect of carcinogen dose fractionation, diet and source of F344 rat on the induction of colonic aberrant crypts by 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline

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Carcinogen dose fractionation, diet and source of laboratory animal were examined as variables in the induction of colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) by the heterocyclic amine 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ). In the first experiment, male F344 rats from the National Cancer Institute (NCI rats) were fed AIN-93G diet and, starting in the third week, IQ was given by gavage on alternating days, the total carcinogen dose of 105 mg being fractionated proportionally over 2, 4, 8 or 14 weeks. Only the high dose (2 week) treatment with IQ was effective for the induction of ACF at 16 weeks, producing on average 3.8 ACF/colon versus 0.5 ACF/colon in all other groups (P < 0.05). The 2 week IQ dosing protocol was used in a second experiment in which male F344 rats from Simonsen Laboratories (SN) or NCI were fed AIN-93G, AIN-76A or chow diet. On average, SN rats on chow diet had twice the number of aberrant crypts compared with NCI rats given the same diet and three to four times as many aberrant crypts as NCI rats fed AIN diets. Hepatic cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) levels were essentially unaffected by diet, but methoxyresorufin O-demethylase activities and CYP1A2 protein levels were increased 2- to 3-fold in animals fed chow versus AIN diets. During the 2 week period of carcinogen administration, IQ markedly induced CYP1A proteins and negated the differences among groups related to diet. No consistent diet-related changes were detected in the activities of aryl sulfotransferase or N-acetyltransferase, but UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activities were elevated 2- to 3-fold in rats given chow versus AIN diets. In summary, high dose treatment with IQ was required for the induction of ACF, rats on the chow diet had more aberrant crypts than those given AIN diets and male F344 rats purchased from different vendors and fed chow diet differed with respect to their sensitivity to induction of ACF.

Keywords: ACF, aberrant crypt foci; AST, arylsulfotransferase; EROD, 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase; IQ, 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline; MROD, methoxyresorufin O-demethylase; NAT, N-acetyltransferase; NCI, National Cancer Institute; PABA, p-aminobenzoic acid; PC, Purina chow; PhIP, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine; SN, Simonsen Laboratories; UDPGT, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase.

Journal Article.  3805 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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