Journal Article

Regulation of connexin32 and connexin43 gene expression by DNA methylation in rat liver cells

Marie P. Piechocki, Robert D. Burk and Randall J. Ruch

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 20, issue 3, pages 401-406
Published in print March 1999 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/20.3.401
Regulation of connexin32 and connexin43 gene expression by DNA methylation in rat liver cells

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Gap junction proteins (connexins) are expressed in a cell-specific manner and expression is often reduced in neoplastic cells. We investigated the mechanisms of connexin32 (Cx32) and connexin43 (Cx43) expression in hepatic cells using MH1C1 rat hepatoma cells and freshly isolated, adult rat hepatocytes that express Cx32 but not Cx43 and WB-F344 rat liver epithelial cells that express Cx43 but not Cx32. Southern blotting after DNA restriction with MspI and HpaII indicated that two MspI/HpaII restriction sites in the Cx32 promoter (positions –147 and –847) were methylated in WB-F344 cells, but not in MH1C1 cells or hepatocytes. In contrast, an MspI/HpaII restriction site in the Cx43 promoter (position –38) was methylated in MH1C1 cells, but not in WB-F344 cells or hepatocytes. Transient transfection of the cell lines with connexin promoter–luciferase constructs indicated that the Cx32 promoter was 7-fold more active in MH1C1 cells and the Cx43 promoter was 5-fold more active in WB-F344 cells. These results suggest that transcription of Cx32 and Cx43 in hepatic cells is controlled by promoter methylation and by cell-specific transcription factors. Similar mechanisms may be involved in the reduced expression of these genes frequently observed in neoplastic cells.

Keywords: 5-AZA, 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine; Cx26, connexin26; Cx32, connexin32; Cx43, connexin43; DEX, dexamethasone; FBS, fetal bovine serum; HBSS, Hank's balanced salt solution; SSC, saline/sodium citrate.

Journal Article.  5231 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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