Journal Article

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) produces liver oxidative stress and promotes but does not initiate hepatocarcinogenesis in B6C3F<sub>1</sub> mice

Takashi Umemura, Sachie Kai, Ryuichi Hasegawa, Kimie Sai, Yuji Kurokawa and Gary M. Williams

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 20, issue 6, pages 1115-1120
Published in print June 1999 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/20.6.1115
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) produces liver oxidative stress and promotes but does not initiate hepatocarcinogenesis in B6C3F1 mice

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To elucidate the mechanism of hepatocarcinogenesis of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in mice, critical effects related to carcinogenicity were studied in the livers of B6C3F1 male mice administered PCP at concentrations of 600 and 1200 p.p.m. in the diet for 8 weeks. Oxidative stress was assessed by measurements of 8-oxodeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) in the liver nuclear DNA and hepatocyte cell proliferation was quantified by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Also, initiation and promotion were assessed in a two-stage hepatocarcinogenesis model in which one group of mice was given PCP at concentrations of 600 and 1200 p.p.m. as initiator for the first 13 weeks with subsequent administration of phenobarbital (PB) as promoter at a concentration of 500 p.p.m. in the drinking water for 29 weeks. A second group was initiated with diethylnitrosamine (DEN) at 20 p.p.m. in the drinking water for the first 13 weeks followed after a 4 week recovery interval by PCP at concentrations of 300 and 600 p.p.m. in the diet for 25 weeks. Significant elevations in 8-oxodG levels and cell proliferation were observed in a dose-dependent manner. Incidences and multiplicities of hepatocellular tumors in mice treated with PCP after DEN initiation were increased compared with those in mice given initiation only. In contrast, in mice given PCP as initiator followed by PB no enhancement of neoplastic lesions occurred. These findings are interpreted to demonstrate that PCP exerts a promoting action, but not an initiating effect on liver carcinogenesis and that the promoting action is related to oxidative stress and compensatory hepatocellular proliferation.

Keywords: BrdU, bromodeoxyuridine; DEN, diethylnitrosamine; dG, deoxyguanosine; HAF, hepatocellular altered foci; H&E, hematoxylin and eosin; 8-oxodG, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine; PB, phenobarbital; PCP, pentachorophenol; RF, replicating fraction; TCHQ, tetrachlorohydroquinone.

Journal Article.  4241 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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