Journal Article

Comparative tumorigenicity of the cyclopenta-fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons aceanthrylene, dihydroaceanthrylene and acephenanthrylene in preweanling CD-1 and BLU:Ha mouse bioassays

Jia-Sheng Wang, Xia He, Patrick P.J. Mulder, Ben B. Boere, Jan Cornelisse, Johan Lugtenburg and William F. Busby Jr

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 20, issue 6, pages 1137-1141
Published in print June 1999 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/20.6.1137
Comparative tumorigenicity of the cyclopenta-fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons aceanthrylene, dihydroaceanthrylene and acephenanthrylene in preweanling CD-1 and BLU:Ha mouse bioassays

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Cyclopenta-fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are ubiquitous environmental pollutants and potential human health biohazards. In this study, the tumorigenicity of three single cyclopenta-fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aceanthrylene, dihydroaceanthrylene and acephenanthrylene, was examined in preweanling CD-1 and BLU:Ha mouse bioassays at total doses of 175, 437.5 and 875 μg/mouse. No death or significant toxicity was observed with the treatment protocol in the tested animals. In CD-1 mice, a significant increase in lung tumor incidence (18–26%, P < 0.025–0.01) for these three compounds was recorded in animals treated with 875 μg as compared with the control animals (3%). Significant numbers of liver tumors (25–41%, P < 0.01–0.001) were induced in all aceanthrylene treatment groups and in animals treated with 875 μg acephenanthrylene (35%) at the termination at 9 months. Most liver tumors were induced in male animals. The ED50 values were estimated as 8.5, 10.6 and 12.8 μmol and the TM1.0 were 15.1, 20.4 and 23.1 μmol for aceanthrylene, acephenanthrylene and dihydroaceanthrylene, respectively. In BLU:Ha mice, there was a significant dose-dependent increase in lung tumor incidence, from 4% for the control group to 33% (P < 0.001) for the animals treated with 875 μg aceanthrylene and to 24% (P < 0.02) for the animals treated with 437.5 μg acephenanthrylene. The ED50 values were 6.0 and 4.4 μmol and the TM1.0 were 9.8 and 6.8 μmol for aceanthrylene and acephenanthrylene, respectively. No significant difference in lung tumor incidence between male and female mice was found. Based on these data and comparisons of tumorigenic potency with other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons previously tested in these newborn mouse bioassays, aceanthrylene and acephenanthrylene were classified as weak tumorigens.

Keywords: AA, aceanthrylene; AP, acephenanthrylene; BP, benzo[a]pyrene; CP-PAH, cyclopenta-fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; CPP, cyclopenta[c,d]pyrene; DHAA, 1,2-dihydroaceanthrylene; DMSO, dimethylsulfoxide; ED50, total dose inducing lung tumors in 50% of the treated mice; PAH, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; PMS, post-mitochondrial supernatant; TM1.0, total dose inducing 1.0 lung tumor/mouse in treated mice.

Journal Article.  3819 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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