Journal Article

Chemopreventive effect of 4′-demethyl epipodophyllotoxin on DMBA/TPA-induced mouse skin carcinogenesis

Deepika Dhawan, Sivaprakasam Balasubramanian, Ashok J. Amonkar and Neeta Singh

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 20, issue 6, pages 997-1003
Published in print June 1999 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/20.6.997
Chemopreventive effect of 4′-demethyl epipodophyllotoxin on DMBA/TPA-induced mouse skin carcinogenesis

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The chemopreventive effect of topical application of 4'-demethyl epipodophyllotoxin (DMEP), an antimitotic agent, on a two-stage skin carcinogenesis model in Swiss Albino mice induced by 9,10-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)/12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was investigated. Two topical applications with 0.24% DMBA over 1 week, followed later by 5 nmol of TPA twice weekly produced 100% incidence of tumors in these animals by 18 weeks. Treatment of animals with DMEP (until the end of the experiment), 30 min before TPA treatment, significantly reduced the tumor incidence, tumor volume and the conversion efficiency of papillomas to squamous cell carcinomas. The tumor formation and growth was also delayed by DMEP pre-treatment. Application of DMEP protected against the losses provoked in levels of glutathione and activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase in skin and liver of animals by the application of DMBA/TPA. Thus, DMEP might possibly be exerting its chemopreventive activity by acting as an antioxidant.

Keywords: CAT, catalase; DMBA, 9,10-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene; DMEP, 4′-demethyl epipodophyllotoxin; GSH, glutathione; MDA, malondialdehyde; ROS, reactive oxygen species; SOD, superoxide dismutase; TPA, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate.

Journal Article.  4419 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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