Journal Article

G<sub>1</sub>-arrested FaO cells re-enter the cell cycle upon stimulation with the rodent non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogen nafenopin

S. Chevalier and R.A. Roberts

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 20, issue 7, pages 1209-1213
Published in print July 1999 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online July 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
G1-arrested FaO cells re-enter the cell cycle upon stimulation with the rodent non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogen nafenopin

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics


Show Summary Details


The peroxisome proliferators are rodent non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogens that suppress apoptosis and induce DNA replication, cell proliferation and liver tumours. In order to investigate the effect of peroxisome proliferators on cell cycle progression, we arrested the well-differentiated rat hepatoma cell line FaO in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Under these conditions, CDK2 and CDK4 protein expression remained unchanged compared with proliferating cells, but expression of cyclin D1 and p27KIP1 was down-regulated and cyclin E accumulated in the inactive form. G1-arrested cells were able to enter the cell cycle on addition of exogenous growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) or hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and replicate their DNA within 12 to 24 h of re-stimulation. Upon release from G1 arrest, CDK2 protein expression was down-regulated and, surprisingly, p27KIP1 expression was restored. Cyclin D1 and phosphorylated cyclin E accumulated at 12 h but were degraded by 24 h after addition of EGF. Importantly, the peroxisome proliferator nafenopin and tumour necrosis factor α were able to induce DNA replication. Thus, the profile of expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins upon stimulation with nafenopin is comparable with that induced by growth factors such as EGF.

Keywords: CDK, cyclin-dependent kinase; CKIs, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors; EGF, epidermal growth factor; FCS, fetal calf serum; HGF, hepatocyte growth factor; PBS, phosphate-buffered saline; PMSF, phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride; PPARα, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor α; TNFα, tumour necrosis factor α.

Journal Article.  4387 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.