Journal Article

Gap junctional intercellular communication and connexin43 expression in human ovarian surface epithelial cells and ovarian carcinomas <i>in vivo</i> and <i>in vitro</i>

Elizabeth A. Hanna, Sandra Umhauer, Stacie L. Roshong, Marie P. Piechocki, Martha J. Fernstrom, James D. Fanning and Randall J. Ruch

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 20, issue 7, pages 1369-1373
Published in print July 1999 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online July 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/20.7.1369
Gap junctional intercellular communication and connexin43 expression in human ovarian surface epithelial cells and ovarian carcinomas in vivo and in vitro

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Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and the expression of gap junction proteins (connexins) are frequently decreased in neoplastic cells and have been increased by cAMP and retinoids. GJIC and connexin expression were investigated in early passage normal human ovarian surface epithelial (HOSE) cells, human ovarian adenocarcinoma cell lines (CaOV-3, NIH:OVCAR-3, SK-OV-3 and SW626) and surgical specimens of human serous cystadenocarcinomas. We hypothesized that GJIC and connexin expression would be decreased in neoplastic cells and would be increased by cAMP and retinoic acid. Cultured HOSE cells exhibited extensive fluorescent dye-coupling and connexin43 (Cx43) expression; other connexins were not detected. The ovarian adenocarcinoma cell lines had little dye-coupling or connexin expression. Deletions and rearrangements of the Cx43 gene were not detected by Southern blotting in the carcinoma lines. N6,2′-O-dibutyryladenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate and all-trans-retinoic acid inhibited cell proliferation, but did not enhance GJIC or Cx43 expression. Surface epithelial cells of benign ovaries expressed Cx43, but this expression was barely detectable in ovarian serous cystadenocarcinomas. Thus, normal HOSE cells had extensive GJIC and Cx43 expression whereas ovarian carcinoma cells had less and cAMP and retinoic acid did not change these, although both agents inhibited cell growth.

Keywords: ATRA, all-trans-retinoic acid; Cx26, connexin26; Cx32, connexin32; Cx37, connexin37; Cx40, connexin40; Cx43, connexin43; DBcAMP, N6,2′-O-dibutyryladenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate; GJIC, gap junctional intercellular communication; HOSE, human ovarian surface epithelium; PBS, phosphate-buffered saline.

Journal Article.  3493 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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