Journal Article

Matrix metalloproteinase inhibition prevents colon cancer peritoneal carcinomatosis development and prolongs survival in rats

Thomas Aparicio, Stéphanie Kermorgant, Valérie Dessirier, Miguel J.M. Lewin and Thérèse Lehy

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 20, issue 8, pages 1445-1452
Published in print August 1999 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/20.8.1445
Matrix metalloproteinase inhibition prevents colon cancer peritoneal carcinomatosis development and prolongs survival in rats

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are enzymes responsible for extracellular matrix degradation which play a role in cancer progression and metastatic spreading. We investigated the effects of the MMP inhibitor, batimastat, in vitro on the proliferation and invasiveness of the rat colon cancer cell line DHD/K12, and in vivo on the growth of an aggressive model of peritoneal carcinomatosis producing haemorrhagic ascites and metastases, obtained in the rat by i.p. injection of DHD/K12 cells. MMP production was studied in conditioned culture media, solid tumors and ascitic fluid. In vivo, after injection of tumor cells on day 0, rats received i.p. daily either batimastat (30 mg/kg) or equal volume of vehicle from day 2 until killing on day 43 (series I) or from day 13 until death (series II). The grade of peritoneal carcinomatosis, ascite volume, number and size of liver metastases were evaluated in both series, and survival in series II. MMPs-1, -2 and -9 were identified in culture media, tumors and ascites. In vitro, batimastat did not modify DHD/K12 cell proliferation and slightly reduced cell invasion. In vivo, in series I, batimastat treatment totally prevented peritoneal carcinomatosis and liver metastasis development. In series II, it significantly prolonged survival (P < 0.0002) and reduced peritoneal carcinomatosis (P < 0.001) and hepatic metastases number as compared with controls. However, batimastat-treated rats of the two series had peritoneal inflammation with marked ascites. Nevertheless, inhibition of MMP is a new therapeutic approach which may be promising in treatment of microtumors as in more advanced cancer stages.

Keywords: MMPs, matrix metalloproteinases

Journal Article.  5575 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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