Journal Article

Exposure-route-dependent DNA adduct formation by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Roger W.L. Godschalk, Edwin J.C. Moonen, Pauline A.E.L. Schilderman, Wendy M.R. Broekmans, Jos C.S. Kleinjans and Frederik J. Van Schooten

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 1, pages 87-92
Published in print January 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.1.87
Exposure-route-dependent DNA adduct formation by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

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Understanding the kinetics of aromatic–DNA adducts in target tissues and white blood cells (WBC) would enhance the applicability of DNA adducts in WBC as surrogate source of DNA in biomonitoring studies. In the present study, rats were acutely exposed to benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P; 10 mg/kg body wt) via intratracheal (i.t.), dermal and oral administration. DNA adducts were analyzed in relevant target organs and WBC by nuclease P1 enriched 32P-post-labeling at 1, 2, 4, 11 and 21 days after exposure. Additionally, the internal dose was assessed by measurement of urinary excretion of 3-hydroxy-B[a]P (3-OH-B[a]P). Total B[a]P–DNA adduct levels in WBC were highest after i.t. and oral administration, whereas DNA adducts were hardly detectable after dermal exposure. Highest adduct levels were reached at 2 days after exposure. In lung tissue, DNA adduct levels reached maximal values at 2 days and were highest after i.t., oral and dermal exposure, respectively. DNA adduct levels were significantly lower in WBC as compared with lung. Nonetheless, overall B[a]P–DNA adduct levels in WBC were significantly correlated with those in lung. In target organs, highest DNA adduct levels were observed in skin after topical application, and lowest in stomach after oral administration of B[a]P. Furthermore, DNA adduct levels in WBC were correlated with DNA adduct levels in skin after dermal exposure and stomach after oral administration of B[a]P. Two-fold higher levels of 3-OH-B[a]P were excreted after i.t. administration of B[a]P as compared with dermal or oral exposure. Urinary 3-OH-B[a]P concentrations were correlated with DNA adduct levels at the site of B[a]P application. Overall, it can be concluded that aromatic–DNA adduct levels in WBC can be applied as a surrogate source of DNA for the site of application of B[a]P and reflect binding to lung DNA, independently of the exposure route.

Keywords: 3-OH-B[a]P, 3-hydroxy-benzo[a]pyrene; B[a]P, benzo[a]pyrene; i.t., intratracheal instillation; NP1, nuclease P1; PAHs, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; WBC, white blood cells.

Journal Article.  5252 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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