Journal Article

Apoptosis, mitosis and cyclophilin-40 expression in regressing peroxisome proliferator-induced adenomas

Richard T. Miller, Steven P. Anderson, J.Christopher Corton and Russell C. Cattley

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 4, pages 647-652
Published in print April 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.4.647
Apoptosis, mitosis and cyclophilin-40 expression in regressing peroxisome proliferator-induced adenomas

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Chronic exposure to peroxisome proliferators (PP), including certain industrial and pharmaceutical chemicals, causes liver cancer in rodents. Continuous exposure to PP is needed for tumor development since the frequency of hepatocellular neoplasms is decreased in animals returned to control diet. To determine cellular and molecular events responsible for enhanced growth in PP-induced liver tumors, we evaluated the relationships of WY-14,643 levels, apoptosis, mitosis and cyclophilin-40 (Cyp-40) expression in regressing tumors induced by WY-14,643, a potent PP. Male F344 rats were fed WY-14,643 (0.1%) in the diet for 43 weeks and then switched to control diet for 2, 3, 5 or 36 days. Mean serum and hepatic concentrations of WY-14,643 were decreased as early as 2 days following removal of WY-14,643 as compared with rats continuously fed WY-14,643. Adenomas from rats maintained on WY-14,643 markedly compressed surrounding parenchyma. Evidence of adenoma regression was observed by 3 days of WY-14,643 withdrawal and was characterized by loss of compression. Decreased compression corresponded to increases in the apoptotic index and decreases in the mitotic index in regressing adenomas at 2, 3, and 5 days following the switch to control diet. Cyclophilins are multifunctional receptor proteins involved in numerous signal transduction pathways, including those mediated by cyclosporin, a liver tumor promoter in rats. Cyp-40 expression was markedly increased in adenomas from continuously exposed rats, but expression returned to levels similar to surrounding parenchyma in adenomas after 5 days of WY-14,643 withdrawal. Taken together, these results indicate that WY-14,643-induced adenomas regress rapidly following withdrawal of the PP in association with declining liver WY-14,643 levels, suggesting that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α may mediate PP-induced alterations in mitogenic and/or apoptotic regulation in growing tumors, in conjunction with alterations in Cyp-40 signal transduction.

Keywords: Cyp-40, cyclophilin-40; H&E, hematoxylin and eosin; PP, peroxisome proliferators; PPARα, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α; PPRE, peroxisome proliferator response elements.

Journal Article.  4339 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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